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Chemical peels

found in Treatments beauty articles
Posted on: 2005-12-11 by Consuela Taisia

Reader comments on : 5 (2 reader comments)


Chemical peels are one of the many forms of treatment used in reversing skin aging process by removing dead cells and stimulating rejuvenation. This type of peeling is called chemical because it is performed using a phenol, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and alphahydroxy acids (AHAs) based formula for dermal smoothing and improvement. Chemical peels cannot substitute surgical methods of skin restoration but they may be used in association with those.

Doctors have the responsibility of deciding upon the right concentration of the chemical formula, fit for each patient.

More often then not, patients deciding to undergo chemical peeling want to get rid of acne or scars left by it and sometimes use it even for cancerous skin removal.

Different types of chemical peels

Phenol based chemical peels are known as the most powerful formulas deeply penetrating the dermal layers. Phenol peels are recommended to patients with photo damaged skin (abnormal aging caused by sun exposure), pre cancerous manifestations, but also blotchy complexion or coarse facial factor when deciding if phenol peels suite you or not. During treatment, the chemical solutions may induce complexion lightening. Phenol peels are used to treat facial disorders, avoiding, thus, unpleasant scaring that may appear if used on neck or other parts of the body.

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels generally treat fine lines, light blemishes or pigmentation disorders at a medium depth. Even though their effectiveness doesn't last as phenol peels' results do, the procedure is less risky. Specialists usually need to repeat TCA peels in order to fulfill patients' expectations.

Glycolic, lactic and fruit acids are grouped in the alphahydroxy acids (AHAs) category and may be considered an alternative formula of chemical peels. They are, however, the lightest form of chemical peeling, indicated to persons who cannot waist time for recovery or don't need such strong interventions as phenol peeling. AHAs offer skin a smother, brighter aspect and may treat fine rhydts, dermal dryness, coloration disorders or acne releases. The therapy may be undergone, weekly or at longer time spans, depending on the desired results in different amounts. Glycolic acid, for example, may also be used in facial wash or combined with recommended cosmetic lotions as a daily skin treatment regime.

Chemical peels - side effects

Some adverse reactions may appear during or after chemical peels. Patients may experience stinging, irritation, redness or crusting, but they may diminish as skin adapts to therapy. Rarely reported infections or scarring may occur if procedure is not correctly performed. TCA peels don't affect skin pigmentation, but require sun protection within a several month period since treatment. Phenol peels, on the other hand, may cause permanent skin depigmentation and may be a risk factor for patients with hart conditions.

Some plastic surgeons recommend a preparation for undergoing chemical peels. Retin-A alone or in association with hydroqinone may be indicated as prior treatment for TCA peels. This anticipatory therapy may last 1 month or even more before getting the peel.

The pat treatment phase may include temporary flaking or scaling, a reddish and dry aspect of the epidermis in case of AHA peeling. Regarding TCA or phenol interventions, patients may need to be prescribed mile pain killers against throbbing sensation that may appear. The area exposed to the procedure may develop a crust. Swelling may also be a reaction of TCA and phenol peel which may lead or liquid diet.

Benefits with AHA peeling

No work limitations are induced by AHA peeling. The result will be improved, rejuvenated dermal matrix. As both others peels, AHA peels also requires daily sun protection. Swelling induced by TCA and phenol peels will decrease within the first 7 days after procedure, and patients will be able to resume daily activity after 7 to 15 days.

Alphahydroxy acids may offer patients only a healthy glowing skin aspect at first, and significant complexion improvements later on. TCA peeling will influence more visibly skin texture making it smoother and fresher, while phenol adds a younger aspect with reduced fine lines, less acne plugs and extra-tonus. Phenol peels register longer skin rejuvenation results.

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Reader comments on : 5 (2 reader comments)

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Reviewer: Eduard , 2006-07-19

I don't know how to say about this, one think is sure: all find here is new for me. Nice

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Reviewer: EmaT , LA, 2006-02-06

Nice and interesting. I am interested in having such procedure done in Los Angeles. Can you reccommend a good sallon or doctor?

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